Oral Manifestations Associated with COVID-19: a Critical Review

Autores

  • Marcelo Victor Coelho Marques Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.
  • Anildo Alves de Brito Júnior Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.
  • Clara Magestade de Jesus Abel Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.
  • Rebeka Gadelha Ricarte Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.
  • Júlia Vianna Néri Andrade Reis Universidade Federal da Bahia, Stricto Sensu Graduate Program in Dentistry. BA, Brazil. Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil
  • Juliana Borges de Lima Dantas Universidade Federal da Bahia, Stricto Sensu Graduate Program in Interactive Processes of Organs and Systems. BA, Brazil. Faculdade Adventista da Bahia. BA, Brazil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17921/2447-8938.2022v24n1p28-34

Resumo

Abstract
With a high global impact, the main target of recent health-related studies focuses on the current pandemic caused by COVID-19, a zoonotic infection mediated by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which shows high transmission and mortality capacity. This paper aims to analyze, by means of a careful literature review , the current evidence on the manifestations of COVD-19 in the oral cavity, seeking to understand whether these are primarily from the virus, or secondary factors. This is a narrative literature review based on the research of articles carried out on the platforms: Pubmed, Google scholar, Scielo and Lilacs, in the period from June-August 2020, using the crossing of Decs / Mesh descriptors with the use of the Boolean operator AND. Only articles from 2020 were selected, in English or Portuguese and, after the search was refined, a total of 24 articles were selected. Among the manifestations expressed in the oral cavity, taste changes are present in most cases. In addition, vesiculobullous and ulcerative oral lesions have been observed in some case reports, however, due to the scarcity of information coupled with the recent emergence of this infection, further studies should be carried out in an attempt to prove or discard the association of COVID-19 with these oral manifestations.

Keywords: COVID-19. Mouth. Oral Manifestations.

Resumo
Com alto impacto global, o principal alvo de estudos recentes na área de saúde concentra-se na atual pandemia causada pelo COVID-19, uma infecção zoonótica mediada pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2, que apresenta alta taxa de transmissão e mortalidade. O presente trabalho objetiva analisar, por meio de uma revisão criteriosa da literatura, as evidências atuais sobre as manifestações da COVD-19 na cavidade oral, buscando entender se estas são principalmente de origem viral ou de fatores secundários. Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa da literatura a partir da pesquisa de artigos realizada nas plataformas: Pubmed, Google scholar, Scielo e Lilacs, no período de junho a agosto de 2020, utilizando o cruzamento dos descritores Decs / Mesh com os uso do operador booleano AND. Foram selecionados apenas artigos do ano de 2020, em inglês ou português e, após o refinamento da busca, foram selecionados 24 artigos. Dentre as manifestações expressas na cavidade oral, as alterações do paladar estão presentes na maioria dos casos. Além disso, lesões orais vesiculobolhosas e ulcerativas têm sido observadas em alguns relatos de casos, porém, devido à escassez de informações aliada ao recente surgimento dessa infecção, novos estudos devem ser realizados na tentativa de comprovar ou descartar a associação do COVID-19 com essas manifestações orais.

Palavras-chave: COVID-19. Cavidade Oral. Manifestações Bucais

Biografia do Autor

Marcelo Victor Coelho Marques, Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.

Dentistry student at the Adventist College of Bahia.

Anildo Alves de Brito Júnior, Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.

Dentistry student at the Adventist College of Bahia

Clara Magestade de Jesus Abel, Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.

Dentistry student at the Adventist College of Bahia

Rebeka Gadelha Ricarte, Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil.

Dentistry student at the Adventist College of Bahia.

Júlia Vianna Néri Andrade Reis, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Stricto Sensu Graduate Program in Dentistry. BA, Brazil. Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Dentistry course. BA, Brazil

Master in Stomatology at the Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health. Doctoral student in the Pos Graduate Program in Dentistry and Health at the Federal University of Bahia - UFBA, Brazil. Professor of Adventist College of Bahia.

Juliana Borges de Lima Dantas, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Stricto Sensu Graduate Program in Interactive Processes of Organs and Systems. BA, Brazil. Faculdade Adventista da Bahia. BA, Brazil.

Master in Stomatology at the Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health. Doctoral student in Interactive Processes of Organs and Systems at the Institute of Health Sciences of the Federal University of Bahia - UFBA, Brazil. Professor of Adventist College of Bahia

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Publicado

2022-03-22

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