Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Hybrid and Nanofilled Composites Brushed with Abrasive Dentifrices

Autores

  • Guilherme Ortiz Pinto Cruz Universidade de Uberaba
  • Larissa Martins Costa Universidade de Uberaba
  • Cesar Penazzo Lepri Universidade de Uberaba
  • Ruchele Dias Nogueira Universidade de Uberaba
  • Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto - Universidade de São Paulo
  • Vinícius Rangel Geraldo-Martins Universidade de Uberaba http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4312-3073

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17921/2447-8938.2021v23n2p85-91

Resumo

Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the color stability and the surface roughness of different composites brushed with toothpastes presenting different levels of abrasivity. Thirty discs of each material were obtained using michohybrid composites (Brilliant NG and Charisma Diamond) and a nanocomposite (Filtek Z350XT). The initial color (CIELab) and surface roughness (confocal laser scanning microscopy) of resin discs were evaluated. Afterwards, 10 specimens per group were brushed with the following dentifrices: Maximum Cavity Protection, Sensodyne Repair & Protect and Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief. Brushing was performed with an electric toothbrush equipped with soft bristle head, with standard power and weight, for 30 minutes. Every 30 seconds, 1.0 ml of the slurry was injected between the bristles of the brush and the specimen. After abrasive challenge, the samples had their color and roughness reevaluated. Data were submitted to the Kruskal-Wallis test (color change) or the t-test (surface roughness). The level of significance was 5%. Results: Brushing did not significantly change the color of the composites tested in the study herein . On the other hand, the surface roughness of the composites was significantly affected by the abrasive challenge, regardless of the toothpaste used. The surface roughness change was similar for all the composites. The abrasive challenge with the toothpastes Maximum Cavity protection, Sensodyne Repair & Protect and Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief was not able to significantly change the color of the composite resins. Nevertheless, the abrasive challenges significantly altered the surface roughness of all the evaluated composites. However, the changes in surface roughness were statistically similar in the microhybrid and nanofilled composites.

Keywords: Composites Resins. Dentifrices. Color.

Resumo
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a estabilidade de cor e a rugosidade superficial de diferentes resinas compostas escovadas com dentifrícios de diferentes níveis de abrasividade. Trinta discos de cada material foram obtidos utilizando compósitos micro-híbridos (Brilliant NG e Charisma Diamond) e um nanocompósito (Filtek Z350XT). A cor inicial (CIELab) e a rugosidade superficial (microscopia confocal de varredura a laser) dos discos de resina foram avaliadas. Em seguida, 10 amostras por grupo foram escovadas com os dentifrícios Máxima Proteção Anticáries, Sensodyne Repair & Protect e Colgate Sensitive Pro-Alívio. A escovação foi realizada com uma escova elétrica com cabeça de cerdas macias, com potência e peso padronizados, durante 30 minutos. A cada 30 segundos, 1,0 ml da pasta era injetada entre as cerdas da escova e a amostra. Após o desafio abrasivo, as amostras tiveram sua cor e rugosidade reavaliadas. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis (alteração de cor) ou ao teste t (rugosidade da superfície) (α=5%). A escovação não alterou significativamente a cor dos compósitos. Por outro lado, a rugosidade superficial dos compósitos foi significativamente afetada pelo desafio abrasivo, independentemente do dentifrício utilizado. A alteração da rugosidade superficial foi semelhante para todos os compósitos. O desafio abrasivo com a Máxima Proteção Anticáries, o Sensodyne Repair & Protect e o Colgate Sensitive Pro-Alívio não foi capaz de alterar significativamente a cor das resinas. Diferentemente, os desafios abrasivos alteraram significativamente a rugosidade superficial de todos os compósitos avaliados. No entanto, as mudanças na rugosidade foram estatisticamente semelhantes nos compósitos micro-híbridos e nanoparticulado.

Palavras-chave: Resinas Compostas. Dentifrícios. Cor.

Biografia do Autor

Guilherme Ortiz Pinto Cruz, Universidade de Uberaba

Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculdade de Odontologia - Universidade de Uberaba

Larissa Martins Costa, Universidade de Uberaba

Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculdade de Odontologia - Universidade de Uberaba

Cesar Penazzo Lepri, Universidade de Uberaba

Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculdade de Odontologia - Universidade de Uberaba.

Ruchele Dias Nogueira, Universidade de Uberaba

Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculdade de Odontologia - Universidade de Uberaba.

Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb, Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto - Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Restorative Dentistry - Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto - Universidade de São Paulo.

Vinícius Rangel Geraldo-Martins, Universidade de Uberaba

Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculdade de Odontologia - Universidade de Uberaba.

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Publicado

2021-06-21

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